On this day, 20th of May we celebrate World Bee Day. Although It seems like an insignificant animal the bees have great value in maintaining the planet biodiversity. This small buzzy creatures, alongside with butterflies, bats are meritorious for propagation of wild life. They are pollinators, which means that they are transferring pollen from male part of the flower to the women part which support the growth, fertilising the plants so that they can produce fruit, vegetables, seeds and so on.
Pollination is a fundamental process for the survival of our ecosystems. Nearly 90% of the world’s wild flowering plant species depend, entirely on animal pollination, along with more than 75% of the world’s food crops and 35% of global agricultural land.
IMPORTANCE OF BEES:
1.Food security-Bees are important to our livelihood as they help to pollinate most of the crops we eat and many that feed farm animals.
2.Biodiversity-There are over 20,000 species of bee that exist globally
3.Ecosystem Health-Bees are keystone species that play a vital role in preserving ecosystem health. Bees provide essential pollination services for plants. Maintaining plant diversity supports other essential ecosystem services including helping to regulate climate, purify air and water, build soil and recycle nutrients.
Today, bees are in danger of existing with people destroying their habitat. The way land is farmed has been associated with declines in biodiversity and pollination. Farming destroys the kinds of spaces that bees use to nest, it takes away the diversity of food that bees use to forage on and it even has wider impacts on other animals like wild birds, mammals and amphibians.
Also the growing technology affects the wild life. Cell phone tower and mobile phone handset are causing side effects to honey bees due to radiation emission.
This day has an aim to spread awareness of our little friends and their existion. This year theme of the day is: “Bee engaged – Build Back Better for Bees”.
The event will call for global cooperation and solidarity to counter the threats posed by the COVID-19 pandemic to food security and agricultural livelihoods alongside prioritizing environmental regeneration and pollinator protection. It will be an occasion to raise awareness of how everyone can make a difference to support, restore and enhance the role of pollinators.