A simple but solemn homage to the olive tree, this declaration appeals to governments and institutions all over the world to choose the olive tree as protector of our planet.
This declaration highlights the role of olive growing in sustainable economic and social development, but also as a key weapon in the fight against climate change. The message is clear: choose olives to protect our planet and our health.
Founded in 1959, the International Olive Council currently unites 94% of olive oil and table olive producing countries.
As the only institutional forum for the global olive oil industry, its main missions are: to harmonise national and international regulations to ensure better product quality control and consumer protection; to coordinate and disseminate information related to studies on the nutritional properties of olive oil and table olives; to promote cooperation and research and study the impact of olive growing on the environment; to publish information and statistics on the world olive oil and table olive markets; and to promote the consumption and expansion of international trade in olive products.
Symbol of Olive tree
The olive tree, with its roots in the Mediterranean, is a universal symbol of peace and harmony. Growing across five continents, olives provide jobs, security and natural resources to rural communities around the world.
As an agent against global warming, olive trees have a positive carbon balance – they take more CO 2 out of the atmosphere than is emitted during the olive oil production process.
Olive oil and table olives are a proven source of nutrition, and key ingredients in the Mediterranean diet. They offer a wide variety of aromas and flavours and enhance a unique cuisine that is gaining interest from renowned chefs around the world. The ability of their multiple medicinal and nutritional properties to prevent certain diseases is now widely recognised.
The executive board of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) recommended that November 26 is celebrated each year as World Olive Tree Day.
The olive tree) is a symbol of peace among people and a symbol of human activity in peace with nature.Tunisia UNESCO ambassador Ghazi Gherairi
The Olive Tree Greatness
Olive Tree is a symbol of peace, wisdom, fertility, prosperity, health, luck, victory, stability and tranquillity. Moreover, the olive tree symbolizes the eternal link between man and the earth. No other tree in Greece has been praised, painted, sung as much as the olive tree. It is a tree that loves the sea and the Mediterranean sun, grows even on arid and rocky soils and survives under droughts and strong winds.
Important olive producing countries are Spain, Italy, Greece, Tunisia, Syria andTurkey. 95% of the olive oil is produced in the Mediterranean basin, between 15 million and 22 million tonnes of olives, and between 2.4 and 3.3 million tonnes of olive oil. Turkey, is in the fourth place after Spain, Italy and Greece in the world olive production.
Olive Production in Turkey
Olive, has found a wide spread area in Turkey. Olive production is performed in 41 of Turkey’s 81 provinces and in 270 of 843 districts. 53% of the production is in the Aegean Region, 18% in the Marmara Region, 23% in the Mediterranean Region, 6% in the Southeastern Anatolia Region and 0,2% in the Black Sea Region. 55% of the production in the Aegean Region is made for oil, while 60% of the production in Marmara Region is made for table olives. In the first half of the 2017-2018 season Turkey’s exports of table olives reached to 71 million 53 thousand dollars with a 14% increase compared to the same period of the previous season.
According to a written statement made by the Aegean Exporters Union, table olive exports, which were 62 million 225 thousand dollars in the first half of last year, reached 71 million 53 thousand dollars, reaching the highest figure of the last 4 seasons. Turkey while exports to 94 countries in table olives this season, the highest export was carried out by Germany with 23 million 263 thousand dollars.
Turkey, in the 2017-2018 season starting on October 1, exported 58 million 322 thousand dollars of black olives and exported 12 million 730 thousand dollars of green olives. According to the statements by Aegean Olive and Olive Oil Exporters Union Chairman Mr. Davut, the number of olive trees in Turkey reached 180 million after 2002 with the planting of 90 million more trees since then.
When consumption of olive oil is evaluated, it is seen that consumption is mainly concentrated in olive oil for European countries and North America, which does not produce olive oil.
Olive trees in Turkey
There are nearly ninety different varieties of olives produced in Turkey. They are generally produced in the southwestern coast of the country where the trees grow with ease because of the perfect climate benefiting land adjacent to the Aegean and Mediterranean Sea. Harvest season starts in November and lasts until March; people collect olives by either shaking the tree or gathering them off the ground. The use of olive oil is not limited to gastronomical consumption: Turks have also historically used the oil for medicinal remedies, cleansing, and sacrificial practices.