1.Yunus Emre also known as Derviş Yunus (born c. 1238, Turkey—died c. 1320, Turkey) was a Turkish folk poet and Sufi mystic. Sufis were Muslim mystics and he has also been described as a Sufi Dervish, meaning that he practiced frenzied, very energetic dancing, probably whipping himself, and all those present, up into a state of highly religious fervour.
His poems, which are devoted mainly to the themes of divine love and human destiny, are characterized by deep feeling. He wrote in a straightforward, almost austere style and mainly in the traditional syllabic metre of Anatolian folk poetry. He travelled and taught among the rural poor, singing his songs in the common tongue of Turkish.
His poetry embodies the quintessence of Turkish Anatolian-Islamic humanism, and has served as a fountainhead of the humanistic concepts which have been at work, overtly or implicitly, in the intellectual life of the Turks in later centuries.
Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi was a 13th century Persian poet, an Islamic dervish and a Sufi mystic. He is regarded as one of the greatest spiritual masters and poetical intellects. Born in 1207 AD, he belonged to a family of learned theologians. He made use of everyday life’s circumstances to describe the spiritual world. Rumi’s poems have acquired immense popularity, especially among the Persian speakers of Afghanistan, Iran and Tajikistan.
Pamuk is an internationally famed novelist, academic and screenwriter whose works have been translated into over 40 different languages. Originally from Istanbul, Pamuk currently teaches in the Humanities department at Columbia University, New York. In 2006 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, with the Nobel Committee stating that his “quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures”. Pamuk adopts postmodern devices throughout his writing such as weaving in complex plots and narratives that at times shift and interrupt the dialogue. Noted books by Pamuk include Istanbul: Memories Of A City, The White Castle, The Black Book, The New Life, My Name Is Red and Snow.
born 25 October 1971) is a Turkish British writer, storyteller, essayist, academic, public speaker, and women’s rights activist. In English, she publishes under the anglicised spelling of her pen-name ‘Elif Shafak’.
Shafak writes in Turkish and English, and has published 17 books, 11 of which are novels, including 10 Minutes 38 Seconds in this Strange World, The Bastard of Istanbul, The Forty Rules of Love, and Three Daughters of Eve. Her books have been translated into 53 languages,
Shafak is an activist for women’s rights, minority rights, and freedom of speech. She also writes and speaks about a range of issues including global and cultural politics, the future of Europe, Turkey and the Middle East, democracy, and pluralism. She has twice been a TED global speaker, a member of the Weforum Global Agenda Council on Creative Economy and a founding member of European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR).
Nâzım Hikmet Ran (15 January 1902 – 3 June 1963), commonly known as Nâzım Hikmet was a Turkish poet, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, director and memoirist. He was acclaimed for the “lyrical flow of his statements”. Described as a “romantic communist” and “romantic revolutionary”, he was repeatedly arrested for his political beliefs and spent much of his adult life in prison or in exile. His poetry has been translated into more than fifty languages.
Yasar Kemal is the pen name of the Turkish writer Kemal Sadık Gökçeli (born 1923, Adana)
He was a Turkish writer and human rights activist of Kurdish origin. He was one of Turkey’s leading writers. He received 38 awards during his lifetime and had been a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature on the strength of Memed, My Hawk.An outspoken intellectual, he often did not hesitate to speak about sensitive issues, especially those concerning the plight of the Kurdish people.
Most of Kemal’s work carries traces of Anatolian folk literature. He composed his works by bringing the legends and tales of Anatolia to the reality of his day. This makes Kemal’s work significant not only for Turkish literature but also for world literature.
7.Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar
(23 June 1901 – 24 January 1962) was a Turkish poet, novelist, literary scholar and essayist, widely regarded as one of the most important representatives of modernism in Turkish literature. In addition to his literary and academic career, Tanpınar was also a member of the Turkish Parliament between 1944 and 1946.
Between the years 1944 to 1946, Tanpınar served as a member of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey representing Kahramanmaraş (then known as Maraş). He was a member of the Republican People’s Party (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi), at the time the only party with seats in parliament.