Category Cities and Attractions

Midas Monument (Yazılıkaya)

Yazılıkaya (lit. ‘inscribed rock’), Phrygian Yazılıkaya, or Midas Kenti (Midas city) is a village in Eskişehir ProvinceTurkey known for its Phrygian archaeological remains and inscription mentioning Midas.

The ancient remains are sometimes called the Midas Monument or Midas City and were formerly identified as the tomb of Midas.

Yazılıkaya is about 27 km south of Seyitgazi, 66 km south of Eskişehir, and 51 km north of Afyonkarahisar.

Midas Monument (Yazılıkaya) (Khan)

MIDAS MONUMENT (YAZILIKAYA)Han – Eskisehir It is the most magnificent example of Phrygian rock façades. It is located on the northeastern skirt of the Midas city plateau, on a rock mass projecting forward. It was first examined and sketched in 1800 by WM Leake et al. This drawing by G. Koehler has a special place as it is the first drawing to give an idea about the general appearance of Phrygian façades, despite its many errors and deficiencies. In 1834 Ch. Texier examined the monument and made its engraving. This is the first and only engraving to reflect the monument’s original and all its splendor. The monument was named after the word Midai in the Phrygian inscription on the flattened bedrock in the upper left part of the monument. Local people named the monument as Yazılıkaya due to the inscriptions on it. Both names are used today. East facing monument 17.00 m high, 16. It is 50 m wide. Its height from the ground is 1.20-1.80 m. The apex acroterium consists of two opposing circles. The pediment and façade wall are decorated with a rich decoration consisting of geometric motifs. In the center of the monument, there is a large niche symbolizing the door. This is the most sacred part where the statue of the goddess Matar is placed during religious ceremonies. There are Phrygian inscriptions on the monument.

Gerdekkaya tomb

Gerdek Kaya Rock Cut Tomb : The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map:

It is 500 m southwest of Cukurca village, carved into the eastern face of a large rock mass in Doganly valley. Behind the monumental entrance hall, there were two burial chambers that the visitors can enter by two different doorways. Gerdekkaya rockcut tomb dates from the Helenistic period (3-1thcentury BC)

Deveboynu Kale

Midas Antik Kenti ve Frig Vadisi –

Located 1.5 km northwest of Mukurca Village, Doganli Castle stands on a rocky plateau quite higher then the valley floor. It was used as an observation post to take control of Doganly Valley.

Doğanlı kale

Doğanlıkale/Seyitgazi/Eskişehir/// Frig döneminde yapıldığı bilinen Doğanlı  Kale, Seyitgazi ilçesine bağlı olan Çukurca Köyü'nün yakınları… | Kaleler,  Anıtlar, Roma

Doğanlı kale lies close to Cukurca Village. Seen from afar, it looks like a hawks head (Doğanlı meaning with hawk) and its the most eye-cathing rock structure in the valley. It is a seven storey rock-cut sculpture.

Gökgöz Kale

Gökgöz Kale used to serve as a patrol of Pismis Castle in the Phrygian period. There are niches, cistens and steps carved into the rock overlooking the plateau.

History of King Midas


After Gordios, the first king of the Phrygians, his son Midas took his place. Midas establishes relations with Urartu, northern Syria and Assyria in eastern and southeastern Anatolia on the one hand, and with western Anatolian coasts and Greece on the other. Midas became famous as the first Iron Age king of Anatolia. The famous geographer of antiquity, Strabon from Amas, tells that during the Midas period, the Phrygian country was invaded by the nomadic Cimmerian tribes and that Midas ended his life in the face of this disaster. (676 BC)

Legends of Midas

Kral Midas |

There are two known legends about Midas. One is that Midas was punished by the god Apollo and his ears were turned into donkey ears when he said that he liked the pincer that Pan played, not the lyre that Apollo played, in the musical contest between Pan and the god Apollo. But Midas wears a hat to hide his ears. Nobody knows this secret either. Until the barber cutting his hair saw his ears. Midas warns the barber not to tell anyone about this secret. But when this secret is too heavy for the barber, he goes and shouts in the empty field and tells the secret. According to the legend, the reeds that heard the secret whispered “Midas’ ears are donkey ears” for years.

The other legend begins with Dionysus saying “Whatever you wish from me” after Midas’ pleasing behavior of the god Dionysus. Midas wants everything he touches to be gold, and his wish comes true. However, the fact that everything he touches is gold, after a while, puts Midas in trouble. Midas becomes unable to even eat. Therefore, the god asks Dionysos to break this wish. Dionysos tells Midas that the spell will be broken when he is bathed in the Pactalos River. Midas goes and washes and the spell is broken. This time, the feature of making everything gold passes to Paktalos. Paktalos (Sart Stream) is therefore believed to carry gold among its alluviums.

Kral Midas ve Altınları, 2020 | Kral, Motivasyon, Masal

The rocks that you will see in the Midas Ancient City look like the rocks of Cappadocia. Apart from the Midas monument, you can see the Unfinished Monument, water cisterns, altars, monumental tomb and cave rooms where people lived in the city.

Pamukkale-Turkish Cotton Castle

Pamukkalemeaning “cotton castle” in Turkish, is a natural site in Denizli in southwestern Turkey. Today, it is a famous Turkish attraction. What makes this place special is a termal water, unique natural shape and ancient ruins of the city. The ancient Romans discover this place and builded a famous city upon it, where they would come to heal themselves, recover or even die.

Origin of white color

Somewhere deep in the earth beneath Pamukkale and the ancient Roman city of Hierapolis lies a vast source of water heated by volcanic lava. The water dissolves pure white calcium, becomes saturated with it, and carries it to the earth’s surface, where it bursts forth and runs down a steep hillside.

Cooling in the open air, the calcium precipitates from the water, adheres to the soil, and forms white calcium “cascades” frozen in stone called travertines.

In this area, there are 17 hot water springs in which the temperature ranges from 35 °C (95 °F) to 100 °C (212 °F). The water that emerges from the spring is transported 320 metres (1,050 ft) to the head of the travertine terraces and deposits calcium carbonate on a section 60 to 70 metres (200 to 230 ft) long covering an expanse of 24 metres (79 ft) to 30 metres (98 ft).


Located in the province of Denizli, this extraordinary landscape was a focus of interest for visitors to the nearby Hellenistic spa town of Hierapolis, founded by the Attalid kings of Pergamom at the end of the 2nd century B.C., at the site of an ancient cult. Its hot springs were also used for scouring and drying wool. Ceded to Rome in 133 B.C., Hierapolis flourished, reaching its peak of importance in the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.D., having been destroyed by an earthquake in 60 A.D. and rebuilt. Remains of the Greco-Roman period include baths, temple ruins, a monumental arch, a nymphaeum, a necropolis and a theatre.

Following the acceptance of Christianity by the emperor Constantine and his establishment of Constantinople as the ‘new Rome’ in 330 A.D., the town was made a bishopric. As the place of St. Philip’s martyrdom in 80 A.D., commemerated by his Martyrium building in the 5th century, Hierapolis with its several churches became an important religious center for the Eastern Roman Empire.

Antiques Pool/Cleopatras Pool

This place was allegedly one of Cleopatras favorite places. This egyptian queen is well known for her beauty and health treatments. This pool consist out of mineral water with temperature from 30 C°-50 C° and its water is good for heart diseases, atherosclerosis, blood pressure, rheumatism, eye and skin diseases, rickets, nervous disorders, nervous and physical exhaustion circulatorly problems and furthermore when it has been drank it is good for digestive maladies.

The pool is open for tourist and You can swimm there during the entire year.

With a unique combination of natural and man-made wonders Pamukkale-Hierapolis has been made a Unesco World Heritage site. With over two million visitors annually, it is also one of the Turkey’s most visited attractions.


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