Archive 30 September 2020

INTERNATIONAL TRANSLATION DAY- 30 SEPTEMBER

International Translation Day is an international day celebrated every year on 30 September on the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered the patron saint of translators. The celebrations have been promoted by International Federation of Translators (FIT) ever since it was set up in 1953. In 1991 FIT launched the idea of an officially recognized International Translation Day to show solidarity of the worldwide translation community in an effort to promote the translation profession in different countries.

International Translation Day is meant as an opportunity to pay tribute to the work of language professionals, which plays an important role in bringing nations together, facilitating dialogue, understanding and cooperation, contributing to development and strengthening world peace and security.

Transposition of a literary or scientific work, including technical work, from one language into another language, professional translation, including translation proper, interpretation and terminology, is indispensable to preserving clarity, a positive climate and productiveness in international public discourse and interpersonal communication.

BACKGROUND

Why 30 September?

30 September celebrates the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered the patron saint of translators.

St. Jerome

St. Jerome was a priest from North-eastern Italy, who is known mostly for his endeavour of translating most of the Bible into Latin from the Greek manuscripts of the New Testament. He also translated parts of the Hebrew Gospel into Greek.

He was of Illyrian ancestry and his native tongue was the Illyrian dialect. He learnt Latin in school and was fluent in Greek and Hebrew, which he learnt from his studies and travels.

Jerome died near Bethlehem on 30 September 420.

Every year since 2005, the United Nations invites all its staff, accredited permanent missions staff and students from select partner universities to compete in the UN St. Jerome Translation Contest, a contest which rewards the best translations in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish as well as German, and aims to celebrate multilingualism and highlight the important role of translators and other language professionals in multilateral diplomacy.

Interpreters and translators have very important jobs. They are responsible for bringing people together and for sharing new and exciting information that was previously only accessible to members of a specific culture. Their work can impact relationships between different countries and even change the course of history. Interpreters and translators do incredible work, and they deserve to be recognized for it. This need spurred the creation of International Translation Day.

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF AWARENESS OF FOOD LOSS AND WASTE REDUCTION – 29 September

Today is the first year ever we observe the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste.

We need to be aware of the importance of this issue in order to promote and implement our global efforts towards resolving it. That is why, in 2019, the 74th United Nations General Assembly designated 29 September as the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste, recognizing the fundamental role that sustainable food production plays in promoting food security and nutrition.

This anniversary, especially this year during the global COVID-19 pandemic, want to bring a global wake-up on the need to transform and rebalance the way our food is produced and consumed. Food loss and waste in fact depletes the natural resource base and generates greenhouse gases.

Why is it important to reduce Food Loss and Waste?

Reducing food losses and waste is essential in a world where the number of people affected by hunger has been slowly on the rise since 2014, and tons of edible food are lost and/or wasted every day.

Globally, around 14 percent of food produced is lost between harvest and retail, but also at the consumption level. When food is loss or wasted, all the resources that were used to produce this food – water, land, energy, labour and capital – go to waste.

Actions are required globally and locally to maximize the use of the food we produce. The introduction of technologies, innovative solutions, new ways of working and good practices to manage food quality and reduce food loss and waste are key to implementing this transformative change.

Public interventions should seek to facilitate investments in food losses and waste reduction by private actors especially at this critical time. Innovative business models, with the participation of the private sector need to be shaped and new approaches are needed to finance them, to stop food loss and food waste.

Reducing food loss and waste requires the attention and actions of all, from food producers, to food supply chain stakeholders, to food industries, retailers and consumers.

We should all be food savers: for the people and for the planet!

INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR UNIVERSAL ACCESS TO INFORMATION – 28 September

Ensuring the access of all citizens to government information and to essential information for human development is a must for every democratic society.

Koichiro Matsuura

Recognizing the right to information as a fundamental right, the 74th UN General Assembly proclaimed 28 September as the International Day for Universal Access to Information (IDUAI) at the UN level in October 2019. The day had been proclaimed by the UNESCO General Conference in 2015, following the adoption of the 38 C/Resolution 57.

Several concrete measures to promote access to knowledge in cyberspace are proposed by UNESCO within the framework of its Recommendation to guide both the debate and action by the involved international instances in this domain.

Information as tool of Knowledge

Despite this age of globalization has facilitated interactions between nations, economies and people, it also has led to side effects such as marginalization. It is up to international institutions and national authorities to ensure that the spread of new information technologies and communication be addressed to everybody.

To this aim, member States should establish and support national policies to promote multilingualism and universal access. In addition, Internet access, considered as a public information service, should be encouraged by the adoption of appropriate policies.

“Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.”

United Nations, Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Universal access to information means that everyone has the right to seek, receive and impart information. This right is an integral part of the right to freedom of expression. 

Preserve the access to information means also preserve people’s right to filter the informations, in order to protect themselves against advertising, fake news or politicians who use the media to just control the flow of information.

WORLD TOURISM DAY- 27 SEPTEMBER 2020

History of WORLD TOURISM DAY

September 27, which has been determined by the World Tourism Organization since 1980, is celebrated as World Tourism Day. This date was set on September 27, 1970 and has been implemented since 1980. The aim of World Tourism Day is to emphasize the importance of tourism for international communities and to raise awareness. Attention is drawn to the impact of tourism onsocial, cultural, political and economic values.

In the 12th session held in Istanbul October 1997, the World Tourism Organization decided that one country will host this day every year. In the 15th session held in Beijing,China in October 2003 , compliance with the geographical order regarding hosting; It was decided to be in Europe in 2006, in South Asia in 2007, in America in 2008, in Africa in 2009 and in the Middle East in 2011.

Nigerian Ignatius Amaduwa Atigbi suggested that September 27 be celebrated as World Tourism Day . The color of World Tourism Day is blue.

What is the purpose of World Tourism Day?

World Tourism Day is commemorated each year on 27 September. Its purpose is to foster awareness among the international community of the importance of tourism and its social, cultural, political and economic value.

What is the theme of World Tourism Day 2020?

About this Event

Djibouti and Addis Ababa were selected as the host cities and nations for the celebration of World Tourism Day 2020 on the theme ‘Tourism: Building Peace!

Who started celebrating World Tourism Day?

Every year since 1980, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) has celebrated World Tourism Day on September 27. World Tourism Day is commemorated each year on 27 September, with celebrations led by UNWTO.

“Tourism and Rural Development” celebrates the sector’s unique ability to drive economic development and provide opportunities outside of big cities, including in those communities that would otherwise be left behind. World Tourism Day 2020 also highlights the important role tourism plays in preserving and promoting culture and heritage all around the world.

For many rural communities, tourism means opportunity. It provides jobs and economic empowerment, including for women and youth. Tourism gives rural communities the ability to protect and promote their natural surroundings, as well as their culture and heritage. In doing so, it allows tourists to enjoy unique experiences. In 2020, World Tourism Day celebrates the sector’s importance for those communities that would otherwise be left behind.

Tourism in numbers – Turkey Overall, Turkey is the fourth most visited holiday country in the Mediterranean region.

Tourism’s contribution to GDP is 11%. Although it has numerous cultural and historic attractions, beach holidays on Turkey’s Mediterranean (the Aegean and the Turkish Riviera) and Black Sea coasts are predominant .

In Turkey, tourism has been an important and growing sector since the 1980s, with the coast being the major focus of activity. The number of tourist arrivals has increased from 5.4 to 19.6 million/year between 1990 and 2004: about 21 million tourists visited in 2005, contributing US$15 billion in revenue (14% of total foreign exchange earnings) and making Turkey the 16th most important tourist destination worldwide. The Association for Turkish Tourism Investors have targets of 38 million visitors/year and US$36.4 billion in revenue by the year 2013.

WORLD CONTRACEPTION DAY – 26 September 2020


Today is the World Contraception Day (WCD). Its mission is to improve awareness of all contraception methods by sharing research that enables young people to make informed choices on their sexual and reproductive health.


There is no better time to celebrate the importance of family planning in the lives of people around the world. In recent decades, there have been significant advancements in contraception access. Technology have expanded individuals’ ability to make decisions about their own sexual and reproductive health. It is critical that advocates, policymakers, and other stakeholders work to maintain these hard-fought gains and drive new ones.

One proven way to do this is to invest in research and development (R&D) of sexual and reproductive health interventions. This, in particular for innovative technologies that simultaneously offer pregnancy, HIV and other STI prevention. Such R&D support would impact the lives of millions of people here and abroad.

Contraception to prevent unintended pregnancy


The vast majority of unintended pregnancies are among people who are either not using any contraception or are using it inconsistently. Developing new contraceptive methods and modifying existing ones could helps women and their partners to feel more satisfied with their contraceptive choices. Moreover it could helps to be better equipped to prevent or space pregnancies.

HIV and other STI prevention:

Unintended pregnancy is not the only risk facing women. Better and more options are needed to sustain progress in the fight against HIV and AIDS; as well as other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

One pathway to HIV prevention is to improve uptake and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by exploring novel drug combinations and delivery methods. Researchers are investigating the safety and efficacy of a wide variety of long-acting methods, factors that affect adherence to oral PrEP, and the impact that taking the drug may have on patients’ lives. Having more, and better, prevention options can only improve sexual and reproductive health outcomes for women around the globe.

The need for innovation is urgent. There are 214 million women of reproductive age around the world who want to avoid a pregnancy and are not using a modern contraceptive method. Globally, unintended pregnancies contribute to poor maternal and child health. HIV/AIDS also plays a significant role in the lives of women and girls around the world. There are 19.6 million women and girls living with HIV.

It is estimated that more than a million cases of STIs are acquired every day around the world. STIs can lead to cervical cancer, infertility, poor pregnancy and birth outcomes. It also increased risk of acquiring new or transmitting existing STIs, including HIV. Given the prevalence and risks of STIs, effective and varied prevention strategies are crucial.

New Prevention Methods and Progress

Multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) are products that simultaneously offer pregnancy, HIV and other STI prevention. Right now, women’s only options for simultaneous protection are external and internal condoms. These two options are likely not meeting all women’s needs or preferences. R&D supports the development of multiple types of MPTs that, together, could better address individuals’ needs and preferences.

Although there has been significant progress in the development of new prevention methods in recent years, continued support for R&D is critical. National governments have an important role to play in developing innovative and complex technologies. The profit potential of these drugs is uncertain and few pharmaceutical companies are developing them.

WORLD MARITIME DAY – 24 September

World Maritime Day focuses on the marine environment, as well as safety and security for boats and ships.


About Maritime Day

World Maritime Day was first held in 1978. Was born to mark the 20th anniversary of the Maritime Organization (IMO) Convention’s entry into force. Celebrations are held to focus attention on the importance of shipping safety, maritime security and the marine environment. But also to emphasize a particular aspect of IMO’s Work.
World Maritime Day celebrations are usually held during the last week in September.

Since 2005, in addition to the official IMO celebrations held at IMO Headquarters in London, there has been a Parallel Event hosted by a Member State.

Full text of the message by Kitack Lim, Secretary-General, IMO, can be downloaded here (English text). 

Sustainable Shipping for a Sustainable Planet

The theme for this year is this year is “Sustainable shipping for a sustainable planet”. This provides an excellent opportunity to raise awareness of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals SDGs
This theme also provides to showcase the work that the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and its Member States are undertaking to achieve the targets.

This day will provide opportunities for leaders from various sectors. In fact, it provide to reflect on the work done. Moreover provides to show the urgent steps they further plan towards a sustainable future.

The shipping industry, with the support of the IMO regulatory framework, has already started the transition towards this sustainable future. IMO has  adopted some measures to cut greenhouse gas emissions. These measures helps to reduce the sulphur content of ships’ fuel oil, implement the Ballast Water Management Convention, protect the polar regions, reduce marine litter. Other measures aims to improve the efficiency of shipping through the electronic exchange of information; meet the challenges of the digitalization of shipping and enhance the participation of women in the maritime community.

Read more here

COVID-19 and World Maritime Day 

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the professionalism and sacrifice of the two million seafarers who serve on the world’s merchant fleet. Shipping has continued to transport more than 80% of world trade; including vital medical supplies, food and other basic goods that are critical for the COVID-19 response and recovery. Hundreds of thousands of seafarers face a humanitarian crisis as they have been stranded at sea, unable to get off the ships they operate with contracts extended by many months. This needs to be addressed urgently, through Governments designating seafarers as essential workers and ensuring safe crew changes can take place.

This year’s World Maritime Day will be celebrated on 24 September 2020 in the form of an online event, due to social distancing measures caused by the pandemic.

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF SIGN LANGUAGES – 23 SEPTEMBER

The International Day of Sign Languages, annually observed on the 23th September, as part of the International Week of the Deaf, is an opportunity to support and protect the linguistic identity and cultural diversity of all deaf people and other sign language users.

According to the World Federation of the Deaf, there are approximately 72 million deaf people worldwide. More than 80% of them live in developing countries. Collectively, they use more than 300 different sign languages.

International Week of the Deaf

The International Week of the Deaf (IWD) is an initiative of the World Federation of the Deaf (WFD) – a federation of 135 national associations of deaf people – and was first launched in 1958 in Rome, Italy. It is celebrated during the last full week of September through various activities by Deaf Communities all around the world.

The theme of the 2020 International Week of the Deaf will be “Reaffirming Deaf People’s Human Rights”. These activities and events are open to all members of deaf communities, which include families of deaf people, professional and accredited sign language interpreters, peers, as well as the stakeholders, involved in the cause of ensuring and promote the human rights of deaf people.

It has been chosen the 23 of September to commemorate the date that the WFD was established in 1951. Indeed, this day marks the birth of this advocacy organisation, which has as one of its main goals, the preservation of sign languages and deaf culture as pre-requisites to the realisation of the human rights of deaf people.

The UN General Assembly has proclaimed 23 September as the International Day of Sign Languages in order to raise awareness of the importance of sign language in the full realisation of the human right of people who are deaf.

To this end UN General Assembly established the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which recognizes and promotes the use of sign languages. Its aim is making clear that sign languages are equal in status to spoken languages. It recognizes the importance of preserving sign languages as part of linguistic and cultural diversity.

It also emphasizes the principle of “nothing about us without us” in terms of working with deaf communities.

WORLD ALZHEIMER’S DAY-21st SEPTEMBER

World Alzheimer’s Day, September 21st of each year, is a day on which Alzheimer’s organizations around the world concentrate their efforts on raising awareness about Alzheimer’s and dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, a group of disorders that impairs mental functioning.

World Alzheimer’s Month

World Alzheimer’s Month is the international campaign by Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI) every September to raise awareness and challenge the stigma that surrounds dementia. World Alzheimer’s Month was launched in 2012. World Alzheimer’s Day is on 21 September each year. 

2 out of every 3 people globally believe there is little or no understanding of dementia in their countries. The impact of World Alzheimer’s Month is growing, but the stigmatisation and misinformation that surrounds dementia remains a global problem that requires global action.

Why respect is so important

Like everyone else, people with dementia have often led rich and productive lives. Maybe they’ve raised a family, had a rewarding career, or been known as a kind and caring member of their community. These achievements still matter just as much now as they always have. In fact, if the dementia diagnosis has knocked their confidence, they could matter even more. By being respectful, you remind them that their life still has value and meaning and you boost their feelings of self-worth, too.

Why understanding is so important

Dementia can make it increasingly difficult for the person you love to communicate their needs or express themselves. If they don’t feel understood, many people become lonely and isolated and depressed. Sometimes, their frustration can erupt into angry outbursts and distressing behaviour which is very upsetting for everyone.

Understanding and respect Alzheimer people

  1. Listen well
  2. Feelings are more important than facts
  3. Give them choice
  4. Step into their shoes.
  5. Encourage them to look their best
  6. Take a trip down memory lane

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE-21 SEPTEMBER

The International Day of Peace, sometimes unofficially known as World Peace Day, is a United Nations-sanctioned holiday observed annually on 21 September. It is dedicated to world peace, and specifically the absence of war and violence, such as might be occasioned by a temporary ceasefire in a combat zone for humanitarian aid access. The day was first celebrated in 1981, and is kept by many nations, political groups, military groups, and people. In 2013 the day was dedicated by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to peace education, the key preventive means to reduce war sustainably

The International Day of Peace celebrates the power of global solidarity for building a peaceful and sustainable world.

This has never been so important at a time of unprecedented challenges. New forces of division have emerged, spreading hatred and intolerance. Terrorism is fuelling violence, while violent extremism seek to poison the minds of the vulnerable and young. In the poorest and least-developed parts of the world, climate-related natural disasters are compounding existing fragility, increasing forced migration and heightening the risk of violence.

International Peace Day 2020

The International Day of Peace 2020 will be held on the theme “Shaping Peace Together.” To celebrate the day, the world is invited to: spread compassion, kindness and hope in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic; and stand together with the UN against attempts to use the virus to promote discrimination or hatred.

Background

The International Day of Peace was established in 1981 by the United Nations General Assembly. Two decades later, in 2001, the General Assembly unanimously voted to designate the Day as a period of non-violence and cease-fire.

The United Nations invites all nations and people to honour a cessation of hostilities during the Day, and to otherwise commemorate the Day through education and public awareness on issues related to peace.

Peace Day provides a powerful and inspiring opportunity to engage children and youth in diverse activities related to peace, unity and making a positive difference in their world. Meaningful involvement can help set a tone of respect and unity early in the academic year.

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF UNIVERSITY SPORT – 20 September

Connecting students around the world!

An annual tradition since 2016, the 20th of September is the International Day of University Sport (IDUS). Officially proclaimed by the United Nations Education, Science and Culture Organisation (UNESCO).

This celebration helps to create links between universities and their local communities.
Links created with sport, physical activity and healthy living playing the leading role.

Through this event, FISU (International University Sports Federation) involves multiple university sports stakeholders and member organisations in IDUS activities. This event is not only as a way to promote its sports events but also to create a debate on university sport and to promote FISU values. IDUS is a platform to exchange ideas, best practices, challenges and opportunities within and through university sport worldwide.

The day of celebration presents an opportunity to share knowledge on key issues relating to the development of sport and the University Sports Movement worldwide. This Day helps to improve awareness of the importance of sport in educational institutions.

International Day of University Sport is an opportunity to underline the social role played by universities and their curricula. Is important making sport available for everyone in order to foster the regular practice of a physical activity in the greatest number of people.
It also allows UNESCO to reaffirm its committed support to personal and collective development through sport and education, for the spread of a genuine sports culture, which we believe inherent to a culture of peace. 

The 2020 IDUS Dance Challenge is here!

However, this year, with the situation being what it is due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it is inevitable that IDUS will not be celebrated as it has been in the past.

This year, FISU brings a challenge that everyone can participate in – from the safety of their homes if need be.

The 2020 IDUS Dance Challenge starts today!
Two of our amazing World University Championship cheerleading athletes have created bespoke routines for this challenge. All of FISU’s fans, followers and audiences on social media are welcome to participate.

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