Archive 31 August 2020

WHO Declares Africa Polio-Free

On the 25th August the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared Africa free of the wild polio virus.

After decades of efforts and four consecutive years without a reported case, Polio has been officially declared eradicated from the African continent by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Polio is an infectious disease that mainly affects children, attacking the spinal cord and potentially causing irreversible paralysis. It was endemic disease throughout the world until a vaccine was discovered in the 1950s. This historic announcement proves “what can happen when partners from a variety of sectors join forces to accomplish a major global health goal,” [John Hewko, general secretary and CEO of Rotary International]. 

Indeed, it was Rotary, an international nonprofit service organization, that launched the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988. Since its first children’s vaccination project in the Philippines in 1979, Rotary has reduced polio cases by 99.9 percent. It helped vaccinate over 2.5 billion children in 122 countries.

At the beginning of 2000, 76 million children of 17 countries were vaccinated by tens of thousands of volunteers. The work fanned out across the continent with a heavy push from 2008 to 2010, to face the outbreak, which had occurred in 24 countries of western and central Africa.

The battle against polio in Nigeria was more difficult. Therefore, Nigeria remained the only African nation where the disease was still endemic. Especially in the northern part of the country, in fact, religious leaders had shown resistance to vaccination, which they saw both as a western way to interfere in local affairs and an unsafe procedure. Those misconceptions have been refuted, partly thanks to Muhammad Sanusi II, the Emir of the city of Kano, who during a public ceremony before the kick off of a seasonal vaccination campaign in 2016, asked for a vial of polio vaccine and drank down its entire contents in front of the audience. That year, the country recorded its last case of polio.

What’s next?

Globally, wild polio case numbers have been cut drastically due to national and regional immunisation for babies and children. However, other challenges remain: the disease still remains endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan. As in the case of the African region, the eradication will can only be achieved through global commitment.

İNTERNATİONAL DOG DAY – 26 AUGUST 2020 – National Dog day

It is celebrated on 26 August to pay tribute to these incredible animals who work selflessly to bring comfort, keep us safe and save lives. The day also helps to recognize the number of dogs that must be rescued every year,  from pure breed rescuers and public shelters.

International Dog Day 2020:

National Dog Day

International Dog Day was started as National Dog Day in the US in 2004 by pet and family lifestyle expert and animal rescue advocate Colleen Paige. She choose to observe the day on August 26 as it’s the date that her family adopted their first dog ‘Sheltie’ from an animal shelter home.

The website of National Dog Day describes their mission as to help galvanize the public to recognize the number of dogs that need to be rescued each year. National Dog Day celebrates dogs of all breeds.

It is a day to celebrate the special bond between dogs and humans and to encourage adoption. It is universally agreed that dogs make for loyal companions and are often considered man’s best friend.

Dogs of ESKISEHIR

‘Akbaş’ dogs, which received the “Best Herd Guard Dog” award in the USA and attracted great attention, Eskişehir is their homeland.

INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE REMEMBRANCE OF THE SLAVE TRADE AND ITS ABOLITION – August 23

International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition is commemorated every year on 23 August.

The International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition is intended to inscribe the tragedy of the slave trade in the memory of all peoples. It should offer an opportunity for collective consideration of the historic causes, the methods and the consequences of this tragedy. For an analysis of the interactions to which it has given rise between Africa, Europe, the Americas and the Caribbean. (UNESCO)

UNESCO adopted August 23rd as the International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition in 1997. In 1998, several countries organized cultural events and debates to celebrate the day. Through the years, the UN has invited people all over the world to express their resistance against slavery.

Each year the UN invites people all over the world, including educators, students, and artists, to organize events that center on the theme of this day. Theater companies, cultural organizations, musicians, and artists take part on this day by expressing their resistance against slavery through performances that involve music, dance, and drama.

What Do People Do?

Many people use the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery as an opportunity to share their perspective in writings through poetry, opinion pieces, interviews, feature articles, short stories and other published material. Classrooms may review the history of slave trade, its evolution and changes it has undergone through to modern times. Students may also learn about the negative impacts of slavery on society.

World Humanitarian Day 2020, 19 August

On World Humanitarian Day (WHD) August 19, the world commemorates humanitarian workers killed and injured in the course of their work, and we honour all aid and health workers who continue, despite the odds, to provide life-saving support and protection to people most in need.

#RealLifeHeroes

This year’s World Humanitarian Day honours the front-line health workers – the Real-Life Heroes – including doctors and nurses, midwives and community volunteers, and those who risk their lives to ensure that everyone has access to health services, testing and treatment, protective equipment, and medication especially during the COVID-19 pandemic and all other emergencies.

They are the people you may know from your village or town, who have been working tirelessly on the ground to bring vaccines to children, monitor the health of elderly, help mothers deliver babies safely, lead contact tracing and surveillance activities, and provide psycho-social support in times of conflict, pandemic, and natural disasters.

They are our real-life heroes.

UN-Habitat is on the frontline of the world’s urban crises, responding immediately to help people most in need and to ensure a quick recovery. We work closely with communities and authorities in cities and towns across the world to support critical emergency responses.

On World Humanitarian Day, UN-Habitat thanks all those who keep delivering services and support to people in our cities and towns through crises and disasters. We are also grateful to all our donors who support our emergency response around the world

European Solidarity Corps- frequently asking question

ESC GENERAL INFORMATION

Where can we find the application forms?

You can access the application forms on this page- https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/web-esc/screen/home after logging in with your username and password via EU Login.

What is an OID number and how can it be obtained?

Those who wish to apply to the country-based projects of the European Solidarity Program must have an Organization ID (Organization ID, OID). OID will be used instead of the Participant Identification Code (PIC). However, those who have applied to the Erasmus + Program and have a PIC code are automatically assigned an OID.

The assigned OID can be entered in the “Search” field on the https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/erasmus-esc/organisation-registration/screen/home page, by clicking on the name of the institution / organization or the “expand search criteria” button and enter the PIC code, tax number, etc. information is learned by entering. Those who have received more than one PIC code in the previous terms should contact the unit responsible for the program to be applied.

Those who have not received a PIC code before, can also register for OID from the “Register my organization” tab on the https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/erasmus-esc/organisation-registration/screen/home page. On the page opened in the “Register my organization” tab, it is necessary to login with the EU Login user information.

Those with an EU Login account (formerly ECAS account) can login to the system with their existing accounts. Those who do not have an EU Login account, click on the “Create an account” tab and obtain an EU Login account and log into the system.

While registering, the following points should be considered:

1) The relevant system must be registered with up-to-date information.

2) OID must be taken once to be used in all country-based project applications of the Erasmus + program.

3) When creating a record for the OID. A username and password that can always be remembered should be preferred instead of the user name and passwords specific to the person performing the registration. This information should be kept in a way that allows the access of the relevant persons to be used in the next period applications.

4) After all the information in the registration form is entered and registration is made, the system automatically generates the OID.

5) OID is a number that starts with the letter “E” and continues with 8 digits (For example: E12345678). Detailed information on the OID registration process can be found on the https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/wikis/display/NAITDOC/OID+How+to+register+an+organisation prepared by the European Commission.

ESC 31 EUROPE Solidarity Projects

For informal youth group applications, does the legal representative / contact person have to be a member of the group?

Someone who is not a group member cannot be a legal representative / contact person in the project. Like all group members, the legal representative and contact person must be registered on the https://europa.eu/youth/EU_en

What are solidarity projects?

It is a domestic solidarity activity and projects that are initiated, developed and implemented by at least five young people aged 18-30 who want to create positive changes in their localities between 2 and 12 months. The project should have a clear topic that the group of young people would like to explore together and the project can include daily activities and should include all participants. Solidarity Projects should address the main challenges within communities, but also clearly highlight European added value.

Who can apply for solidarity projects?

A group of at least 5 young people between the ages of 18-30 who are legally resident in the program country and registered to the European Solidarity Program Portal can participate in solidarity projects. There is no maximum number of participants. The group that will run the project can apply. One of the young people in the group takes on the role of the legal representative and takes the responsibility to submit the application. Any public or private organization can apply on behalf of the group that will carry out the project.

What is the project duration in solidarity projects (ESC 31)?

The project duration is between 2 months and 12 months.

How does the process work for accepted projects?

An official notification is made to the project owner institutions / organizations that are entitled to receive a grant. Subsequently, information is given regarding the contract process and the completion of pre-contractual documents is requested. After the documents are completed by the National Agency of Turkey. Prepared within the framework of the allocated maximum grant contracts institutions / organizations will be sent to. Contracts, institution / organization after being signed by the legal representative of two (2) copies of case studies. Turkey’s National Agency, National Agency of Turkey enters into force as of the date of signing by.

ESC General

One copy of the contracts is sent by post to the mail addresses of the beneficiaries. Organizations that gain “beneficiary” status since the contract is signed benefit from the necessary grant support to carry out their projects. The first payment of the projects signed by granting a grant is made to the bank account opened in Euro in the amount specified in the contract and at the rate specified in the contract. Institutions / organizations are obliged to carry out project activities according to the rules specified in the grant agreement and its annexes. You can visit the project implementation process page to get information about the post-contract process of the project.

What is the role of the coach involved in the project?

Young people can be supported by a coach in solidarity projects. Coach is a resource person who can have youth work experience to accompany the group and support their participation. It can play different roles depending on the needs of a particular group of young people. It will remain outside the Koç Solidarity Project. Therefore will not be a member of the group, and has no connection with the applicant organization (if any).

Koç can support the group of young people in the preparation, implementation and evaluation of their projects according to the group’s needs. The coach can facilitate and support the quality of the learning process and help define and document learning outcomes at the end of the project. Coaches can be a volunteer or a professional.

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ERASMUS+ PROJECTS

EU Commission releases ERASMUS+ Call for Proposals and Programme ...

Çevrimdışı Ol, Hayatı Yaşa / Go Offline, Feel Alive

Objectives of the Project:

According to the research conducted by Yeşilay on internet addiction, it is not appropriate for

children under 2 years to encounter internet, tv or computer. For the preschool age group, internet use is sufficient for not more than 30 minutes per day. In the first 4 years of primary education, 45 minutes of time should be reserved for games and entertainment. In the following years it is more flexible at the weekend, but 1 hour per day is suitable. In high school, 2 hours daily is enough. According to the researches, 3.6 percent of young people between the ages of 12 and 18 are considered internet addicts while 21.8 percent of them are at the addiction limit. According to the sources of the International Telecommunication Union, this ratio is approaching 25% in Europe. This situation and the European 2020 Strategy under the heading ‘Enhancing Security and Reliability in Internet Use’. In behavioral addictions (shopping, eating, surfing), physical and psychological symptoms occur just like alcohol, smoking and drug deprivation. A person who is addicted to the Internet cannot prevent his desire to overuse the internet. In case of deprivation, excessive nervousness, aggression is observed, the person’s work-social life and family life are gradually deteriorating. difficulty in adapting to society, risk of entering illegal activities, videophilia, fomo syndrome, posture disorders, obesity, vision problems, financial problems, unemployment, sleep disturbances, social exclusion, damage to national economy, blinding productivity, creativity and scientific thinking skills, new behavioral or there are serious consequences such as contamination of material dependencies (gambling, drugs). Young people who can use mobile devices and technological products without difficulty have this addiction. For this reason, the majority of young people withdraw from the social environment to a large extent, not wanting to leave the house, talking and meeting with friends often via the Internet, lying about what they do, outbursts of anger when their opportunities are limited, small theft, observed great decline in school success. Moreover, according to Hootsuite’s “We Are Social” 2017 survey, 51% of the world’s population actively uses the Internet and 40% uses the social media.

As youth groups and leaders, we have to deal with this problem. Local communities and European citizens are responsible for the health and safety of young people. We have to show young people examples of the bad consequences of their decisions and behavior in their lives. For this reason, we aim to work on internet addiction, to create a local and national awareness on this issue, to use the internet consciously and to make the right use of leisure time.

Our project aims are follows;

-To raise awareness among young people about internet addiction and the correct use of the Internet and time,

-Define the Internet as an important facilitating tool in our daily needs and works,

-To help young people produce new ideas for leisure and support their sports activities,

-To convey to the participants the importance and awareness of the indispensable place of the sport in human life and to alleviate the internet addiction to some extent,

-To allow young people to feel the texture of the city in this sense, with the idea that Eskişehir, where the young population is effectively involved, will have significant experiences to be added to the participants,

-To ensure that young people take responsibility, trust and increase their communication skills,

-Encourage co-operation to combat Internet addiction,

-To increase the knowledge and skills of young leaders in the areas of communication, motivation and participation,

-Introducing the opportunities offered by Erasmus + to the participants,

-Motivate for more participation in youth activities,

-To establish an international network of learning, information and struggle against “Internet addiction and its damages”,

-Giving young people strong information about the protection of personal data and raising

awareness,

-To raise awareness in terms of providing education to NEET individuals and participants as well as providing these trainings to the society.

Expected Results:

Through the activities we will carry out during the project, our participants gain awareness about internet addiction, develop behaviors on improving their quality of life, gain knowledge and experience about their leisure time, express themselves and strengthen their feelings of selfconfidence, interact with different cultures and engage in society without difficulty. experience in the EU and be aware of Erasmus + opportunities. In addition, with the presentation on the protection of personal data, which is very important in terms of internet security, the participants will be aware of and raise awareness on this vital issue. Our participants are expected to develop conflict resolution, work and presentation competencies through group activities and presentation activities in the process, as well as approaches to potential conflicts within the group. NEET will be more active in the lives of individuals through workshops. With the workshops on bilgi Internet Addiction and Leisure ‘, we will develop knowledge and skills about the subjects. they will acquire the competencies to do.

with outdoor activities will take place in our local part of the project, young people interacting with young people in local, will be able to learn more about the Turkish culture and Turkey will benefit in this way from the process. will do our participants Youthpass and Erasmus + session with participants of Erasmus + program on knowledge and and will develop skills Will be able to reach the necessary qualifications to apply for the Erasmus + With the problems and the results of the researches, they will become individuals who can propose solutions to this. Participant institutions and organizations will develop ideas about different sports branches and internet addiction in the activities they do in their institutions. At the same time, they will have developed an idea about the activities that can be done in the local area and will have the institutional competence to perform these activities. Participating institutions and organizations will gain detailed information and experience on internet addiction, damages and use of sports in the field of struggle with the projects that participants will use at their own locales after the project and use the qualifications gained during

the project process. Since the target groups of our project are young people with limited opportunities in the age range of 18-30 and NEET individuals and these young people will take an active role in the process; their competence in sporting activities is expected to improve. In addition to this, it is expected that the dissemination tools of Erasmus + program will include the outputs of the activities and workshops realized within the scope of our project and will have an impact on the target groups.

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Volunteering

Volunteering

They are free full-time activities that last 2-12 months and in some cases can last for 2 weeks or more, allowing young people to assist organizations in their daily work. Young people can volunteer in projects involving social inclusion, environment, culture and other issues in their home country.

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